• NOVA is your one-stop resource for employment and workforce data that enhance the quality of labor market information available to job seekers, employers, and educators throughout Silicon Valley.

    NOVA reviews and reposts data published by the California Employment Development Department (EDD) on a regular basis and posts other relevant data from a variety of other sources, including the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, US Census Bureau, US Patent & Trade Office, and California Department of Finance.
  • Employment for most of 2020 Q1 (January–March) followed the same trajectory as recent years. When COVID struck in March 2020, employment in San Mateo and Santa Clara counties fell (bars) and the unemployment rate (line) rose to record highs, exceeding even the effects of the Great Recession in 2008–10.

    [Source: California Employment Development Department]
  • The solid bars in the chart represent the percentage change in labor force within San Mateo County (green) and Santa Clara County (blue) from one year to the next, based upon annual averages. The patterned bars represent the change in employment within the same counties and timeframe.

    Employment had risen steadily since the end of the Great Recession (2009), falling dramatically with the implementation of the shelter-in-place orders in March 2020. The labor force also decreased for the first time in recent history as a result of the effects of COVID-19.

    [Source: California Employment Development Department]
  • The bars in the chart represent the percentage change in employment within San Mateo County (green) and Santa Clara County (blue). These data are identical to the employment data in the other "year-over-year" chart presented on this page, with the addition of data labels for each column, identifying the actual number of individuals represented.

    While employment had risen steadily since the end of the Great Recession (2009), the effects of the shelter-in-place in March 2020 caused a dramatic decrease in employment count as compared to the previous year.

    [Source: California Employment Development Department]
  • This line chart shows the number of initial Unemployment Insurance (UI) claims filed within San Mateo County (green) and Santa Clara County (blue) on a monthly basis from January 2008 to May 2020.

    The extraordinary number of claims filed across all geographies since the implementation of the shelter-in-place restrictions (March 2020) peaked in April. The color-coded data labels indicate the number of new claims for each geographic region for both the peak and for the entire spike (sum of March–May).

    [Source: California Employment Development Department]
  • This line charts shows the number of initial Unemployment Insurance (UI) claims filed within the state of California on a monthly basis from January 2008 to May 2020.

    The record number of claims filed statewide since the implementation of the shelter-in-place restrictions (March 2020) peaked in April. The color-coded data labels indicate the number of new claims for each geographic region for both the peak and for the entire spike (sum of March–May).

    [Source: California Employment Development Department]
  • Employment by industry (2-digit NAICS code) for the combined San Francisco Metropolitan Division (San Francisco & San Mateo counties) and San Jose Metropolitan Statistical Area (Santa Clara & San Benito counties), showing totals for one year ago, one quarter ago, and the most recent month.

    The columns at the far right show numeric and percentage changes for both quarter-to-quarter and year-to-year. As shown by these data, all industry sectors were impacted by recent events, but the industry most affected was Leisure & Hospitality, which consists of the accommodation, food services, and performing arts subsectors.

    [Source: California Employment Development Department]
  • This table shows unemployment rates for a variety of geographies for both the most current month and one year prior, and the year-over-year change.

    [Source: California Employment Development Department; US Bureau of Labor Statistics]
  • This table shows the number of workers who reside within the combined San Mateo County/Santa Clara County region, the number of workers who commute into this region, and the number of residents who commute out. The sum of these show the daily net increase to the region.

    [Source: US Census Bureau]
  • Using current data and algorithms, this proprietary data source projects the growth of occupations within the NOVA region (San Mateo County and northern Santa Clara County) five years out. The table provides current wage data and employment count, and projected employment, and calculates the anticipated average annual growth rate for the top ten occupations (by projected employment size).

    [Source: JobsEQ]
  • Employment & Unemployment Rate: San Mateo & Santa Clara Counties (2008–19, ann.avg; 2020, April–June avg)

  • Year-over-Year Change in Labor Force & Employment: San Mateo & Santa Clara Counties (2008–19, ann.avg; 2020, April–June avg)

  • Year-over-Year Change in Employment: San Mateo & Santa Clara Counties (2008–19, ann.avg; 2020, April–June avg)

  • Initial Unemployment Insurance Claims: San Mateo & Santa Clara Counties (January 2008–May 2020; monthly)

  • Initial Unemployment Insurance Claims: California (January 2008–May 2020; monthly)

  • Industry Employment: San Francisco MD & San Jose MSA (September 2019; June 2020; September 2020)

  • Current Unemployment Rate: Multiple Geographies (current; 1 year prior)

    Region September 2019 September 2020 Annual
    Change
    United States 3.5% 7.9% + 4.4
    California 3.6% 10.8% + 7.2
    San Mateo County 1.8% 7.1% + 5.3
    Santa Clara County 2.3% 7.0% + 4.7
    Cupertino 2.2% 4.7% + 2.5
    Los Altos 2.2% 3.9% + 1.7
    Milpitas 2.5% 7.9% + 5.4
    Mountain View 1.6% 3.9% + 2.3
    Palo Alto 1.8% 3.9% + 2.1
    Santa Clara 2.1% 6.0% + 3.9
    Sunnyvale 1.8% 5.1% + 3.3
    NOVA Region 1.9% 6.3% + 4.4
  • Regional Commute Data: San Mateo & Santa Clara Counties (2017)

  • Occupational Projections — Top 10 Occupations: NOVA Region (2020; 2025)

    Occupation Avg. Annual Wage Employment (2019) Employment (2024) Avg.Ann.Growth Rate
    Software Developers & Programmers $ 140,900 62,675 70,085 + 2.3%
    Personal Care Aides $ 30,800 26,010 31,031 + 3.6%
    Laborers & Material Movers $ 38,600 29,636 30,363 + 0.5%
    Secretaries & Administrative Assistants $ 58,900 22,374 22,160 – 0.2%
    Building Cleaning Workers $ 39,200 19,700 20,562 + 0.9%
    Fast Food & Counter Workers $ 31,900 18,702 20,508 + 1.9%
    General & Operations Managers $ 162,700 17,327 18,595 + 1.4%
    Retail Salespersons $ 37,700 17,766 17,797 + 0.0%
    Business Operations Specialists $ 98,800 16,353 17,764 + 1.7%
    Office Clerks $ 47,800 17,354 17,611 + 0.3%